Ugadi is the celebration of New Year in Kanataka and Andhra Pradesh. There are other states also, which celebrate New Year at the same time of the year but they are named differently. For example Maharashtrians and Sindhis also celebrate New Year at the same time. While in Maharashtra it is known as Gudi Padva, Sindhis call their New Year Chedi Chand. (Y)ug means ‘era’ and ‘adi’ means the beginning, hence it marks the end of one yuga. It usually marks the end of March or the beginning of April. Sun God is worshipped during this festival.
The legend associated with the festival is that Lord Brahma started the creation of the universe on this day. All the elements present in the universe were also created. Life is a mixture of happiness, sadness, anger, fear, disgust, surprise, love, shock and helplessness. Thus the new year gives a message that human beings must accept ups and downs in life with equanimity. A dish called Pachadi, which has nine ingredients is prepared in many homes. It contains curds, salt, raw mango, green chillies, jaggery, curry leaves and mustard seeds. The nine ingredients represent the nine elements present in the universe. Another dish known as Puran Poli is also considered auspicious. It is made with jaggery, and rice/ maida and looks like a roti.
People get up early morning and have oil bath. They visit friends and relatives and have a feast. The festival coincides with the advent of Spring, when nature is at its best.
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